notes on The Red Menace

Spartacus poster, 1960

Kirk Douglas as the title character in Spartacus

The Death of Spartacus, Hermann Vogel 1882

The Slave Revolt: crucifixions (from Spartacus)

The Slave Revolt: crucifixions

Marx and Engels, authors of The Communist Manifesto

"From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs" 

The October Revolution 1917


Stalin, Lenin, and Trotsky

Stalin, Lenin, and...

flag of the USSR

social realist propaganda poster

social realist propaganda poster

social realist propaganda poster

social realist propaganda poster

advertising modeled on social realist posters

The Origins of Socialist Realism, Komar and Melamid

Yalta Conference, Komar and Melamid

The Great Depression: headlines

The Great Depression: Wall Street panic, Oct. 29 1929 (Black Tuesday)

The Great Depression: bank run

The Great Depression: coffee and doughnuts for the unemployed

The Great Depression: starving families

The Great Depression: sharecroppers

The Great Depression: soup kitchen

The Great Depression: work or riot!

Franklin Delano Roosevelt elected, 1932

The ever-optimistic FDR

FDR with Fala

Hitler takes power, 1933

Soviet officer urging his men to attack Nazi positions

Grand Central Station during WWII

Mao Tse Tung

Chinese propaganda poster

Mao: following the communist tradition

FDR with Churchill and Stalin at the Yalta Conference. February 1945

FDR dies in office, Truman takes over

The war ends

Amendment I. Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.

Clips of Red Menace hysteria, the House Un-American Activities Committee,
and the controversy around Kazan's honorary Oscar in 1971