cinematography

frame

as time

as shape

aspect ratio

onscreen and offscreen space

shot

uninterrupted sequence of frames forming a continous image

scene

one or more shots

all at the same time

all at the same place

exception: crosscutting, as in cutting back
and forth during a phone conversation

the sequence or master shot

camera distance

extreme long shot

long shot

full shot

medium shot

medium: two shot, three shot

close up

extreme close up

depth of field and lenses

that portion of the frame in focus

shallow focus

deep focus

soft focus

wide-angle

exaggerates depth and distance

can distort perspective

wide depth of field

normal

like the human eye in perspective and focus

long or telephoto

shallow depth of field

flattens space

makes elements larger

often used for racking focus

camera angle

eye-level (neutral effect)

low angle

high angle

birds-eye

oblique angle or Dutch angle

camera movements

tilt up or down

dolly in and out (tracking shot)

pan left or right

truck left and right

crane

handheld

Steadicam

zoom